Additional data: Category:Retail markets in London, List of market towns in London, and City of London market constabularies
Between the thirteenth century and the Great Fire of 1666, London’s primary market was the Stocks Market, “on the site of the fixed pillory where brokers were rebuffed who fell foul of the Assize Courts.” The Stocks Market was taken out in 1737 as a feature of Christopher Wren’s arrangements to modify the city. New discount markets were raised in essential areas and these succeeded until into the nineteenth century with some proceeding until current occasions. The discount markets were exceptionally controlled, shut conditions that were minutely managed and carefully arranged. These included Smithfield Meat Market (worked in 1866), Billingsgate Fish Market (built in 1875) and Leadenhall Market (finished in 1881). The retail exchange was generally adjusted by nomad road merchants or costermongers. In focal London, costermongers worked along assigned courses, offering house to house or by exchanging from approximately 36 unapproved, however exceptionally coordinated business sectors arranged along significant lanes or meeting spots, for example, Whitecross Street, Covent Garden and Leather Lane. While trying to manage road exchanging, various approved retail showcases were worked during the nineteenth century with restricted achievement. Instances of retail advertises developed during this period include: St James, St George’s (Southwark), Carnaby, Hungerford, Randall’s (Poplar, London), Fitzroy, Finsbury, and the People’s Market (Whitechapel), Angela Burdett-Coutts’ Market and Columbia Road Market (presently a rose market). Retail advertises were less effective than their discount partners and the quantity of retail showcases declined from 24 out of 1800 to 17 of every 1840. In actuality, London’s common laborers for the most part favored the accommodation of road exchanging which kept on flourishing until the twentieth century. marketplace
Charles Knight committed a whole segment to business sectors in his pictorial exposition, Pictorial Half-long periods of London Topography, (1851) in which he recognizes the fundamental discount markets as the Corn Market; the Coal Exchange; Billingsgate – the principle fish market; Smithfield – a steers market since at any rate 1150. Retail meat markets incorporate Newgate; Whitechapel; Newgate; Newport, Oxford; St George’s and Shepherd’s Market in Mayfair. Produce markets included Covent Garden, which Knight viewed as the ‘pre-prominent’ vegetable market; Farringdon Market between Holborn Hill and Fleet Street; Spitalfields – the biggest potato market in London; Portman Market, Hungerford Market and Leadenhall Market-a blended produce and meat market. Furthermore, the Skin Market at Bermondsey managed in cowhide and roughage markets were held at Whitechapel, Cumberland Market, Regent’s Park and Smithfield.
A few instances of road markets working today incorporate Berwick Street Market, Broadway Market, Camden Market, East Street Market, Petticoat Lane and Portobello Road Market. The most famous for food is Borough Market which sell most new produce just as having a bread kitchen.
Covent Garden market, delineation by George Johann Scharf around 1820
Leadenhall Market from the Illustrated London News,1881
Leadenhall Market (inside), 2006
Billingsgate Fish Market, around 1808